Due to the fact that there are no biographical accounts from his time, we have to rely on his writings and biographies written years after his death to know more about him. As a young man, Plato studied painting, wrote poems and wrestled, until he met Socrates.
He gave up on becoming a politician after Socrates was sentenced to death, and decided to travel and learn everything he could on philosophy, mathematics, science and religion. After 12 years of traveling and gaining knowledge, Plato returned to Greece where he founded The Academy, the first organized school in Western civilization.
Here are 20 profound Plato quotes on life, love and human behavior. Every heart sings a song, incomplete, until another heart whispers back. Those who wish to sing always find a song. At the touch of a lover, everyone becomes a poet. We can easily forgive a child who is afraid of the dark; the real tragedy of life is when men are afraid of the light.
Do not train a child to learn by force or harshness; but direct them to it by what amuses their minds, so that you may be better able to discover with accuracy the peculiar bent of the genius of each.
Good people do not need laws to tell them to act responsibly, while bad people will find a way around the laws.
Excellence is not a gift, but a skill that takes practice. People are like dirt. They can either nourish you and help you grow as a person or they can stunt your growth and make you wilt and die. An empty vessel makes the loudest sound, so they that have the least wit are the greatest babblers.
There is in every one of us, even those who seem to be most moderate, a type of desire that is terrible, wild, and lawless. Love is born into every human being; it calls back the halves of our original nature together; it tries to make one out of two and heal the wound of human nature.
Inspirational and Motivational Quotes for Mondays. The greatest wealth is to live content with little. Wise men speak because they have something to say; fools because they have to say something. The price good men pay for indifference to public affairs is to be ruled by evil men.
20 Plato Quotes to Freshen Up your Life Philosophy
Never discourage anyone who continually makes progress, no matter how slow. If women are expected to do the same work as men, we must teach them the same things. There is truth in wine and children. Human behavior flows from three main sources: desire, emotion, and knowledge. Beauty lies in the eyes of the beholder.
40 Famous Philosophical Quotes by Plato on Love, Politics, Knowledge and Power
Good actions give strength to ourselves and inspire good actions in others. False words are not only evil in themselves, but they infect the soul with evil.
Everything that deceives may be said to enchant. Recent Articles.A discussion of this Meditation has been opened in Debate and Discourse.
To contribute further to the discussion, please use the Contact form. Some 2, years ago, Plato taught why we should believe in the gods. In The Laws, Book 10, he identified two reasons why we should believe. Plato's first argument is flawed in that through using the gods as a primal cause, he does not answer the primal cause issue - he merely places primal cause at one remove from the real world.
We are left with the question of the primal cause of the gods. The second argument is also fundamentally flawed - we should also note that in Plato's time the majority also believed the world was flat. And remember what just about everyone's mother says when they ask permission to do something because everybody else is doing it.
The point of this meditation is not to debunk Plato. What I want to point out is that in the two and a half millennia since Plato's day, not one new intellectual argument for the existence of one or more gods has been developed. Every claim of a new logical proof, when stripped down to its fundamentals, reduces to one of Plato's original flawed lines of reasoning. I now stand corrected on this issue.
As covered in the addendum below, there is a third argument. So, when someone uses one of these proofs for the existence of god, the appropriate response is "Right! And as that's just a restatement of one of Plato proofs, then logically you are suggesting I accept the Greek Pantheon? There are, of course a number of non-intellectual arguments for the existence of god. As these arguments are not based on logic, there is no point refuting them.
The appropriate response when someone makes such a claim ranges from a bemused smile to rolling on the floor laughing. I know god exists because he talks to Jerry Fallwell - or fill in your own favourite televangelist here. I have been advised by a correspondent that there is indeed a proof for the existence of God which does not reduce to one of Plato's two proofs.
This is St. Anselm's ontological proof. Anselm's argument extremely simplified here is that it is possible to think there is something greater than we can possibly conceive of.
As we are able to grasp this concept of something beyond the mind's reach, we cannot possibly have invented it on our own. Therefore, it must be based on something real. An interesting argument, I suppose, but not one I can accept. At heart, the conclusion is implicit in the initial assumptions. Because we can think of god, god exists. A similar argument to one which defines god into existence.
For something to be perfect, it must exist. God is perfect, therefore god exists. Ultimately, what Anselm claims in his basic assumption is that there is a limit to the human imagination. In counter to this, I suggest there is no limit to our imagination.Ancient Greek philosopher Plato was a student of Socrates and a teacher of Aristotle.
His writings explored justice, beauty and equality, and also contained discussions in aesthetics, political philosophy, theology, cosmology, epistemology and the philosophy of language. Plato founded the Academy in Athens, one of the first institutions of higher learning in the Western world.
Due to a lack of primary sources from the time period, much of Plato's life has been constructed by scholars through his writings and the writings of contemporaries and classical historians.
Traditional history estimates Plato's birth was around B. Both of his parents came from the Greek aristocracy. Plato's father, Ariston, descended from the kings of Athens and Messenia.
His mother, Perictione, is said to be related to the 6th century B. Greek statesman Solon. Some scholars believe that Plato was named for his grandfather, Aristocles, following the tradition of the naming the eldest son after the grandfather. But there is no conclusive evidence of this, or that Plato was the eldest son in his family.
Other historians claim that "Plato" was a nickname, referring to his broad physical build. This too is possible, although there is record that the name Plato was given to boys before Aristocles was born. As with many young boys of his social class, Plato was probably taught by some of Athens' finest educators. The curriculum would have featured the doctrines of Cratylus and Pythagoras as well as Parmenides. These probably helped develop the foundation for Plato's study of metaphysics the study of nature and epistemology the study of knowledge.
Plato's father died when he was young, and his mother remarried her uncle, Pyrilampes, a Greek politician and ambassador to Persia. Plato is believed to have had two full brothers, one sister and a half brother, though it is not certain where he falls in the birth order. Often, members of Plato's family appeared in his dialogues. Historians believe this is an indication of Plato's pride in his family lineage. As a young man, Plato experienced two major events that set his course in life.
One was meeting the great Greek philosopher Socrates. Socrates's methods of dialogue and debate impressed Plato so much that he soon he became a close associate and dedicated his life to the question of virtue and the formation of a noble character. The other significant event was the Peloponnesian War between Athens and Sparta, in which Plato served for a brief time between and B.
The defeat of Athens ended its democracy, which the Spartans replaced with an oligarchy. Two of Plato's relatives, Charmides and Critias, were prominent figures in the new government, part of the notorious Thirty Tyrants whose brief rule severely reduced the rights of Athenian citizens. After the oligarchy was overthrown and democracy was restored, Plato briefly considered a career in politics, but the execution of Socrates in B.
After Socrates's death, Plato traveled for 12 years throughout the Mediterranean region, studying mathematics with the Pythagoreans in Italy, and geometry, geology, astronomy and religion in Egypt. During this time, or soon after, he began his extensive writing. There is some debate among scholars on the order of these writings, but most believe they fall into three distinct periods.
The first, or early, period occurs during Plato's travels B. The Apology of Socrates seems to have been written shortly after Socrates's death. In these dialogues, Plato attempts to convey Socrates's philosophy and teachings.
In the second, or middle, period, Plato writes in his own voice on the central ideals of justice, courage, wisdom and moderation of the individual and society. The Republic was written during this time with its exploration of just government ruled by philosopher kings.
In the third, or late, period, Socrates is relegated to a minor role and Plato takes a closer look at his own early metaphysical ideas.
He explores the role of art, including dance, music, drama and architecture, as well as ethics and morality. In his writings on the Theory of Forms, Plato suggests that the world of ideas is the only constant and that the perceived world through our senses is deceptive and changeable.This page is part of the "e-mail archives" section of a site, Plato and his dialoguesdedicated to developing a new interpretation of Plato's dialogues.
The "e-mail archives" section includes HTML edited versions of posts that I submitted on various e-mail discussion lists about Plato and ancient philosophy.Plato - GREATEST QUOTES
Also,In which of his works can I find references to God? Is the position of Aristotle somewhat similar in the existence of God? If not, how does he differ? Any help with this would be appreciated. The first problem with your question is that you talk of "God" with a capital G. This doesn't exist in Plato, and, for that matter in ancient greek litterature, because God is not the name of a person but a common noun.
Thus Plato speaks of "the gods hoi theoior "the god ho theos ", in some cases of "god", but then in the same way we would talk of "man", using the word as a generic name. He also speaks of "the divine to theion ". Thus, if by "God" you mean the god of christianity, Yawhe, the Holy Trinity and the like, there is none of it in Plato or Aristotle.
However, if you are looking for "traces" in Plato and Aristotle of a concept that somehow anticipates this god, or if you want to know what is their stand as regards what we are used to call "religion", this is another matter. Then you want to know what concept of "god" you are looking for. Is it the concept of a single "god", that is, of a monotheistic religion?
Is it the concept of "god the maker of heaven and earth, of all that is seen and unseen"? Is it the concept of the "Logos that was in the beginning, the Logos that was in God, the Logos that was God"?
Or is it yet something else? But this is only part of the answer.
I think Plato knew perfectly well that on such matters, it is impossible to give complete answers with human words. Thus, he tried to approach the question from different angles and give partial complementary and not contradictory answers, both negative what gods are notwhat we should not believe and positive what we may safely believe about gods and the divine, and questions of "origins" and "ends". And you must keep in mind that Plato himself repeats times and again that he does not states definite truths but tells only "likely myths".
These gods represent the immortal living creatures that are needed to have all sorts of creatures in the kosmos.
They are the makers of man as the "host" of a divine soul the logos handed them by the demiourgos. But you will also read that the kosmos is often refered to as a "god", endowed with a soul. In the Lawsyou will find what Plato deems the needed "religion" to ensure order in the city.
Basically, men have to hold three key tenets: that gods exist that is, that the world is not a purely "material" thing, product of chance or necessity ; that they care for the world; and that they cannot be "bought" or corrupted by men's gifts or prayers.
But there, he makes clear that he does not pretend to give the last answer on such difficult questions. In it you will find also the root of Aristotle theory of the unmoved mover. But whereas Plato is well aware of the limits of his own discourse, Aristotle wants to give complete answers and thus takes "litteraly" what was for Plato only an partial insight into possible answers. And then, there is the question of "forms" and especially of "the good that is beyond being" RepublicVI.
But this would lead us too far away. And the question of how litteraly Plato himself would take his own "myths". Eventually, if you want to know what Plato thinks about "the divine", you may have to read all the dialogues, and see how it fits within his suggested answers to such questions as the purpose of life, the role of reason in man, the relationship of becoming to being, of time to eternity, of visible to intelligible, and so on Another problem with your question has to do with the term "existence", which would require that we investigate the concept of "being" in Plato and Aristotle.
The key to this problem, for Plato, lies in the Sophist : "being" is the least meaningfull predicate of all. To say that something "is", is to say nothing at all until you say "how" it exist, that is, to what other forms it "participates", and for what purpose it "is", that is, what its "good" is.
As soon as you say "god", it "is"; that is, there is at least something in your mind that "is" in a certain way.Sign in with Facebook Sign in options.
Join Goodreads. Quotes tagged as "plato" Showing of The idea is, in a slightly different form, and with very different tendency, clearly expressed in Plato. Less well known is the paradox of tolerance : Unlimited tolerance must lead to the disappearance of tolerance.Start conclusion paragraph research paper
If we extend unlimited tolerance even to those who are intolerant, if we are not prepared to defend a tolerant society against the onslaught of the intolerant, then the tolerant will be destroyed, and tolerance with them. But we should claim the right to suppress them if necessary even by force; for it may easily turn out that they are not prepared to meet us on the level of rational argument, but begin by denouncing all argument; they may forbid their followers to listen to rational argument, because it is deceptive, and teach them to answer arguments by the use of their fists or pistols.
We should therefore claim, in the name of tolerance, the right not to tolerate the intolerant.Quotes about death in literature today
We should claim that any movement preaching intolerance places itself outside the law, and we should consider incitement to intolerance and persecution as criminal, in the same way as we should consider incitement to murder, or to kidnapping, or to the revival of the slave trade, as criminal.
But what if the examined life turns out to be a clunker as well? The only worthwhile miracle in the New Testament—the transmutation of water into wine during the wedding at Cana—is a tribute to the persistence of Hellenism in an otherwise austere Judaea.Paraphrasing tool com cheats code
The same applies to the seder at Passover, which is obviously modeled on the Platonic symposium: questions are asked especially of the young while wine is circulated. No better form of sodality has ever been devised: at Oxford one was positively expected to take wine during tutorials. The tongue must be untied. It's not a coincidence that Omar Khayyam, rebuking and ridiculing the stone-faced Iranian mullahs of his time, pointed to the value of the grape as a mockery of their joyless and sterile regime.
Visiting today's Iran, I was delighted to find that citizens made a point of defying the clerical ban on booze, keeping it in their homes for visitors even if they didn't particularly take to it themselves, and bootlegging it with great brio and ingenuity. These small revolutions affirm the human. For no one knows whether death may not be the greatest good that can happen to man.
Plato: I have, and think it odd they do this. Socrates: How so, Plato? Plato: It is like reminding a baker he is a baker, or a sculptor he is a sculptor.
Socrates: You mean to say if someone is convinced of their trade, they have no need to be reminded. Plato: That is correct. Socrates: I agree. If these citizens were convinced of their freedom, they would not need reminders.
Bucchianeri, Brushstrokes of a Gadfly. In fact the smallest units of matter are not physical objects in the ordinary sense; they are forms, ideas which can be expressed unambiguously only in mathematical language. And not being ambitious they do not care about honour. Wherefore necessity must be laid upon them, and they must be induced to serve from the fear of punishment.
And this, as I imagine, is the reason why the forwardness to take office, instead of waiting to be compelled, has been deemed dishonourable. Now the worst part of the punishment is that he who refuses to rule is liable to be ruled by one who is worse than himself.Greek philosophers contributed hugely to our understanding of the world. Using their intelligence and reasoning skills, they attempted to make sense out of the world and brought along revolutionary philosophical contributions to politics, science and ethics.
As they say, true wisdom is eternal. The great Greek philosophers might have lived in much different times, but we can still apply their ancient wisdom to our modern lives. Their wise words have the power to change the way you think and approach life. So, to enlarge your thought, below is our collection of inspirational, wise, and mind-blowing Greek philosopher quotes and sayings, collected from a variety of sources over the years.
Excellence, then, is not an act, but a habit. It is the greatest quality of the mind next to honor. We become just by doing just acts, temperate by doing temperate acts, brave by doing brave acts. Then you will forget your anger. It is created little by little, day by day. Protracted and patient effort is needed to develop good character.
Those who wish to sing always find a song. At the touch of a lover, everyone becomes a poet. They can either nourish you and help you grow as a person or they can stunt your growth and make you wilt and die. Ancient Greek philosophy is still important today? Even when passed down for thousands of years, wisdom speaks to human nature. We can learn many life lessons from the work and lives of the great Greek philosophers.
Hopefully, these quotes from the ancients have inspired you to live wisely and compassionately. Which of these Greek philosopher quotes resonated with you best? Do you have any other favorite quotes to add? Feel free to share with us in the comment section below. Your email address will not be published. Connect with us. Leave a Reply Your email address will not be published.Plato was a philosopher, as well as mathematician, in Classical Greece.Citing academic papers
He is considered an essential figure in the development of philosophy, especially the Western tradition, and he founded the Academy in Athens, the first institution of higher learning in the Western world. You can discover more about a person in an hour of play than in a year of conversation. Wise men speak because they have something to say; Fools because they have to say something.
We can easily forgive a child who is afraid of the dark; the real tragedy of life is when men are afraid of the light. Human behavior flows from three main sources; desire, emotion, and knowledge. No man should bring children into the world who is unwilling to persevere to the end in their nature and education.Courseworks plus card review site store
The direction in which education starts a man will determine his future in life. We are twice armed if we fight with faith. Good actions give strength to ourselves and inspire good actions in others. Good people do not need laws to tell them to act responsibly, while bad people will find a way around the law.
A good decision is based on knowledge and not on numbers. One of the penalties for refusing to participate i politics is that you end up being governed by inferiors.
Opinions is the medium between knowledge and ignorance. Love is the joy of the good, the wonder of the wise, the amazement of the Gods. The greatest wealth is to live content with little. Thinking — the talking of the soul with itself. The first and greatest victory is to conquer yourself; to be conquered by yourself is of all things most shameful and vile. The measure of a man is what he does with power.
There are three classes of men; lovers of wisdom, lovers of honor, and lovers of gain.
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